Enumerations

Enums allow you to define a type by enumerating its possible values. Only simple C-like enums are supported for now, which are groups of constants, following the Rust syntax:

enum Order {
    FIRST = 0,
    SECOND = 1,
}

Enum values can be used with match expressions to define the behavior in every possible case:

let value = Order::FIRST;
let result = match value {
    Order::FIRST => do_this(),
    Order::SECOND => do_that(),
};

The enum values can be implicitly casted to unsigned integers of enough bitlength using let statements or explicitly using the as operator:

let x = Order::FIRST; // the type is Order (inference)
let y: u8 = Order::SECOND; // the type is u8 (implicit casting)
let z = Order::SECOND as u8; // the type is u8 (explicit casting)