Arithmetic operators

Arithmetic operators do not perform any kind of overflow checking at compile time. If an overflow happens, the Zinc VM will fail at runtime.

When it comes to the division of negative numbers, Zinc follows the Euclidean division concept. It means that -45 % 7 == 4. To get the detailed explanation and some examples, see the article.

The +=, -=, *=, /=, %= shortcut operators perform the operation and assign the result to the first operand. The first operand must be a mutable memory location like a variable, array element, or structure field.

Addition

+ and += are binary operators.

Accepts

  1. Integer expression
  2. Expression of the operand 1 type

Returns an integer result of the same type.

Subtraction

- and -= are binary operators.

Accepts

  1. Integer expression
  2. Expression of the operand 1 type

Returns an integer result of the same type.

Multiplication

* and *= are binary operators.

Accepts

  1. Integer expression
  2. Expression of the operand 1 type

Returns an integer result of the same type.

Division

/ and /= are binary operators.

Accepts

  1. Integer expression (any type except field)
  2. Expression of the operand 1 type

Returns an integer result of the same type.

Remainder

% and %= are binary operators.

Accepts

  1. Integer expression (any type except field)
  2. Expression of the operand 1 type

Returns an integer result of the same type.

Negation

- is an unary operator.

Accepts

  1. Integer expression (any type except field)

Returns a signed integer with the same bitlength.